Influenza, or the flu, is a common and highly contagious viral infection. While severity of infection varies year-to-year, the CDC estimates that there are between 9 million and 45 million cases of influenza in the United States alone each year. This post discusses the basic biochemistry of the influenza virus.
β-lactams are a prominent class of antibiotics including Penicillin which inhibit peptidoglycan cell wall synthesis in bacteria, leading to cell death. Paradoxically, macrophage lysozyme supports emergence of a β-lactam resistant L-form morphology which can survive and proliferate without a cell wall.
Reflection Blog #3 Influenza, though only first making a prominent appearance in the scientific literature around the early nineteenth century, has plagued humanity since at least the 1500s. 5 Given this, its scientific study extends far back, easily preceding identification of the first virus, and resulting in a somewhat overwhelming abundance of literature. I have …
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